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Glaucoma Testing and Treatment at Washington Eye Institute

Understanding Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that cause progressive damage to the optic nerve, which is the structure that connects the eye to the brain. It usually occurs when the pressure in the eye (intraocular pressure) is too high. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in patients older than 60 in the United States.

glaucoma chart

Types of Glaucoma

  1. Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: The most common type, where improper fluid flow in the eye increases pressure.
  2. Angle-Closure Glaucoma: Caused by a physical blockage in the eye’s drainage angle, leading to fluid buildup.
  3. Secondary Glaucoma: Results from other medical conditions or medications that affect eye pressure.

Symptoms and Progression of Glaucoma

Glaucoma is often called the "silent thief of sight" because it usually presents no early symptoms. As it progresses, peripheral (side) vision gradually deteriorates, often unnoticed. When central vision is affected, the damage is severe and irreversible.

Early warning signs include:

  • Gradual loss of peripheral vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Eye pain or redness
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • Noticeable vision loss in advanced cases

Regular eye exams are vital for early detection, especially for at-risk individuals, including those over 60, with a family history of the condition, or with diabetes.

Comprehensive Glaucoma Care in Maryland

At the Washington Eye Institute, our eye doctors bring expertise and compassion to glaucoma care. Each specialist is equipped with the latest knowledge and technology to provide personalized treatment, ensuring the best possible outcomes for our patients.

Our glaucoma treatments focus on preventing further vision loss and include:

  1. Medications: Eye drops or oral medications to lower eye pressure.
  2. Laser Surgery: Procedures to enhance fluid flow and relieve pressure.
  3. Minimally Invasive Glaucoma Surgery (MIGS): Advanced techniques for effective pressure management with quicker recovery.
  4. Traditional Glaucoma Surgery: For more advanced or resistant cases.

Whether you need a routine screening, seek a second opinion, or require advanced glaucoma treatment, our team is here to provide comprehensive, patient-centered care. Our mission is to treat glaucoma and educate and support our patients throughout their journey, helping preserve their sight and quality of life.

Glaucoma Doctors

Michael Summerfield, MD
Joseph Mekhail, MD
Sarah Chang, MD
Sunil Bellur, MD
Hubert Pham, MD
Rajini Seevaratnam, O.D.
Diana Chu, O.D.
Debra Weltman, O.D.
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